SUA Convention and the Protocol

Q. What SUA Convention stands for? What was the relevant protocol? It means Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, It was Adopted in March 1988, entered into force in March 1992. The Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental […]

STCW Convention

Q. When did International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978 come in force? The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW), 1978, was adopted by the International Conference on Training and Certification of Seafarers on 7th July 1978. It entered into force in April 1984. […]

Enclosed Spaces

Q. What is an enclosed space? The enclosed space is a place that is unventilated, kept closed for a long time, not easily accessible and likely to be deficient in oxygen due the presence of oxygen depleting conditions or material. If the size of entrance is limited with probably no exit, is also an enclosed […]

FAL Convention

Q. Is the Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic in force? Yes. It was adopted in April, 1965 and entered into force in March 1967. Q. What is its objective? The Convention’s main objectives are to prevent unnecessary delays in maritime traffic, to aid co-operation between Governments, and to secure the highest practicable degree of […]

Athens Convention

Q. What is the Athens Convention? Athens Convention (PAL) relates to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea. The Convention was adopted at a Conference, convened in Athens in 1974 and was designed to consolidate and harmonize two earlier Brussels conventions dealing with passengers and luggage and adopted in 1961 and 1967 respectively. It establishes […]

Cargo Care, Securing and Annex 13

Q. What does Annex 14 of CSS code contain? The Annex 14 of the CSS Code, relating to the “Guidance on Providing Safe Working Conditions for Securing of Containers on Deck” was introduced to the CSS Code by the Maritime Safety Committee, at its eighty-seventh session and subsequently amended at its ninety-fourth session. To ensure […]


Q. Describe a water molecule. Chemical formula of water is H2O. The hydrogen atoms are joined to the oxygen atom via covalent bonds. The oxygen atom has high electro negativity. It attracts the protons (positive poles) of hydrogen towards itself. The angle between oxygen and hydrogen in water molecule is 104.5o. Q. Why the density […]

Salvage, Basics

Q. What is salvage? The salvage generally is defined as the rescue of a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo from loss at sea. It is also defined as a process of saving goods from damage or destruction, especially from a ship that has sunk or been damaged. In respect of a ship it […]


Q. Explain, what is amphidromic point and amphidromic system. In a bucket of water if water is swirled it tends to pile up against bucket walls. A form of sine wave is seen along bucket wall. A floating particle in the water moves up & down in a cyclic way, which is typical of a […]

International Safety Management (ISM) Code

Q. What is ISM Code? International Safety Management (ISM) Code means the International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention as adopted by the Assembly, as may be amended by the Organization. Q. How should the system be, to implement effectively, the Company safety and environmental protection policy? Safety Management […]

The Nairobi Wreck Removal Convention

Q. Is the Convention on the Removal of Wrecks in force? The Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks enters into force on 14 April 2015. Q. What responsibility is placed on the ship owners? The Convention places strict liability on owners for locating, marking and removing wrecks deemed to be a hazard and makes State […]

Intervention Convention

Q. Is the Intervention Convention in force? Yes. This Convention was adopted in November 1969, entered into force on 6 May 1975. Parties to the present Convention may take such measures on the high seas as may be necessary to prevent, mitigate or eliminate grave and imminent danger to their coastline or related interests from […]

Lowering of Lifeboat

Q. How will you arrange to lower the lifeboat with minimum crew? Upon the call of stations, the boat’s crew proceeds to their designated stations. The incharge ensures that there is no obstruction for the launching of the boat. The following is performed in correct sequence and only after receiving clear instructions from the incharge. Two […]

Watchkeeping, Miscellaneous

Q. How do you test a parallel Ruler? The parallel ruler must be procured from a renowned manufacturer instead of buying a local or a duplicate one. A good parallel Ruler should have the following features: If it is transferred from one side of chart to the other and then back it should come back […]

Watchkeeping, Charts

Q. What is the difference between Geographical and Nautical Mile? Geographic Mile is equal to 1855.4 metres & is the length of 1’ of the equatorial arc. Nautical Mile in latitude is the length of arc of the meridian there, which subtends an angle of 1’ at own center of curvature. Its value varies with […]

Watchkeeping, Errors of Instruments

Q. What is the correction you apply to the barometer reading? The pressure at sea level is more than the pressure indicated by barometer. In a range involving a limited distance above sea level, it may be assumed that the pressure increases by 0.1 millibars per meter. In addition to this, index error is applied. […]

Watchkeeping, STCW

Q. What are the responsibilities of Master in respect of passage planning as provided in the STCW? Prior to each voyage, the Master of every ship must ensure that the intended route from the port of departure to the first port of call is planned using adequate and appropriate charts and other nautical publications necessary […]

Watchkeeping, Navigation Bridge

Q. What is the responsibility of the officer in charge of the navigational watch regarding not leaving the bridge? The watchkeeper must in no circumstance leave the bridge until properly relieved. The navigation bridge at times is manned additionally by a helmsman and a lookout man. In certain situations the lookout man may not be […]


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